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This Day in History - April 14

April 14

1471 – The Earl of Warwick, who fought on both sides in the War of the Roses, is killed at the Battle of Barnet and the Lancastrians are defeated

1543 – Bartolome Ferrelo returns to Spain after discovering a large bay in the New World, later to be San Francisco

1578 – Philip III, King of Spain and Portugal, is born

1629 – Dutch astronomer, Christiaan Huygens, is born

1759 – Composer George Frideric Handel dies

1775 – The first abolitionist society is organized in Philadelphia

1793 – A royalist rebellion in Santo Domingo is crushed by French republican troops

1818 – Noah Webster, a Yale-educated lawyer, publishes his American Dictionary of the English Language, introducing 10,000 “Americanisms”

1828 – The first edition of Noah Webster’s Dictionary is published

1860 – The first Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco with mail originating in St. Joseph, Missouri

1865 – President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated in Ford’s Theater, by John Wilkes Booth

1866 – Teacher who educated Helen Keller, Anne Mansfield Sullivan, is born

1889 – English historian, Arnold Toynbee, is born

1891 – Indian politician and jurist BR Ambedkar is born

1892 – Archaeologist and philologist V. Gordon Childe is born

1894 – Thomas Edison’s kinetoscope is shown to the public for the first time

1898 – Electrical engineer, Harold Black is born

1900 – The World Exposition opens in Paris

1903 – Dr. Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid

1904 – British actor Sir John Gielgud is born

1912 – The passenger liner RMS Titanic, strikes an iceberg on her maiden voyage and begins to sink. The ship will go under the following day with a loss of 1,500

1916 – The Battle of Lake Naroch, an offensive on the Eastern Front by the Russian army during World War I, ends

1918 – US First Aero Squadron engages in America’s first aerial dogfight with enemy aircraft, and successfully shoot down two German two-seaters. One of the pilots, Douglas Campbell, went on to become the first American to qualify as a “flying ace” in World War I, by having shot down five enemy aircraft

1925 – Painter John Singer Sargent dies

1931 – King Alfonso XIII of Spain is overthrown

1935 – Country star Loretta Lynn is born

1935 – High winds stirred up clouds of dust so dense that many eyewitnesses believed the world was coming to an end. The day, known as “Black Sunday,” produced the worst storm of the Dust Bowl era

1935 – German mathematician Amalie Emmy Noether dies

1944 – The cargo ship Fort Stikine explodes in a berth in the docks of Bombay, India, killing 1,300 and injuring 3,000. The ship was carrying cotton bales, gold bullion and 300 tons of dynamite. The cotton was stored beneath the dynamite, despite the well-known fact that cotton bales were prone to combustion. A fire broke out in the cotton bales, igniting the dynamite above

1945 – American B-29 bombers damage the Imperial Palace during firebombing raid over Tokyo

1945 – The US Fifth Army joins its British allies in the assault on the German occupiers of Italy

1950 – President Harry Truman receives National Security Council Paper Number 68, forming the basis for the Cold War policy in America for years to come

1950 – Indian philosopher Ramana Maharshi dies

1953 – The Viet Minh invade Laos against the French colonial forces

1959 – The Taft Memorial Bell Tower is dedicated in Washington, DC

1960 – The Montreal Canadiens defeat the Toronto Maple Leafs to win their fifth consecutive Stanley Cup

1961 – The first live broadcast is televised from the Soviet Union

1964 – Biologist and author Rachel Carson dies

1965 – The Joint Chiefs of Staff order the deployment of the 173rd Airborne Brigade from Okinawa to South Vietnam

1969 – The first MLB game in Montreal, Canada, is played

1969 – Katherine Hepburn and Barbara Streisand tie for the Best Actress Oscar, and Hepburn broke the record as the only actress to win three Best Actress Oscars

1975 – The American airlift of Vietnamese orphans to the US, known as Operation Baby Lift, concludes

1977 – Actress and producer Sarah Michelle Gellar is born

1981 – America’s first space shuttle, Columbia, returns to Earth

1986 – The US launches air strikes against Libya to retaliate for the Libyan sponsorship of terrorism against American troops and citizens

1986 – The heaviest hailstones ever recorded hit Bangladesh, with chunks of ice weighing about 2.2 lbs., killing 92

1988 – Representatives from the US, USSR, Afghanistan and Pakistan sign an agreement calling for the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan

2002 – Hugo Chavez returns as president of Venezuela after being forced out of office two days prior

2003 – The Human Genome Project is completed, mapping the genes of the human genome

2003 – The leader of the terrorist group Palestine Liberation Front, Abu Abbas, is captured by US forces in Iraq, after hijacking the liner Achille Lauro

2010 – An explosion in the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in Iceland results in volcanic ash plume in the atmosphere over northern and central Europe that prevents air travel in the region for several days

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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