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This Day in History - November 14

November 14

565 – Byzantine emperor Justinian I, dies

1501 – Arthur Tudor of England marries Katherine of Aragon

1650 – William III, King of England is born

1765 – American engineer who invented the first steamboat, Robert Fulton is born

1812 – Napoleon Bonaparte’s army retreats from Moscow

1831 – German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel dies

1840 – French impressionist painter, Claude Monet is born

1851 – Herman Melville’s, Moby Dick, is published

1862 – President Abraham Lincoln approves of General Ambrose Burnside’s plan to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia

1882 – O.K. Corral gunfight survivor Billy Clairborne is killed in a shootout with Buckskin Frank Leslie

1889 – Indian nationalist leader, Jawaharala Nehru is born

1898 – Romanian and French critic, philosopher and poet, Benjamin Fondane, is born

1900 – American composer, Aaron Copeland is born

1906 – Silent film star and symbol of a 1920s flapper, Louise Brooks is born

1907 – Swedish children’s writer Astrid Lindgren is born

1908 – Anti-Communist senator from Wisconsin Joseph McCarthy is born

1908 – Journalist, Harrison Salisbury is born

1908 – Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light

1910 – Lieutenant Eugene Ely of the US Navy flies an airplane from the deck of the ship Birmingham, becoming the first man to takeoff from such location

1914 – In Constantinople, capital of the Ottoman Empire, the religious leader Sheikh-ul-Islam declares an Islamic holy war on behalf of the Ottoman government, urging his Muslim followers to take up arms against Britain, France, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro in World War I

1915 – American educator and author, Booker T. Washington, dies

1917 – Korean general and statesman that led 1961 coup to overthrow the Korean Second Republic, president in 1963 and assassinated in 1979, Park Chung-hee is born

1921 – The Cherokee Indians ask the US Supreme Court to review their claim to a million acres of land in Texas

1921 – Actor Brian Keith is born

1921 – Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, dies

1922 – Actress Veronica Lake is born

1922 – The BBC or British Broadcasting Company begins the first daily radio broadcast from Marconi House

1927 – Actor McLean Stevenson is born

1930 – Engineer, astronaut and first American to walk in space, died in explosion at Cape Canaveral during prelaunch testing for first manned Apollo mission, Edward Higgins White II is born

1930 – Right-wing militarists in Japan attempt an assassination on Premier Hamaguchi

1935 – As the Commonwealth of the Philippines is inaugurated, Manuel Luis Quezon is sworn in as the first Filipino president

1935 – King of Jordan, Hussein of Jordan and second Arab head of state to recognize Israel as a sovereign nation, is born

1940 – German bombers destroy Coventry in Great Britain, killing 1,000 people in the worst air raid of the war

1947 – Accordion player and zydeco artist Buckwheat Zydeco is born

1948 – Charles, Prince of Wales, and heir to the throne of England, is born

1951 – The US and Yugoslavia sign a military aid pact

1951 – French paratroopers capture Hoa Binh, Vietnam

1954 – US Secretary of State under President George W. Bush, Condoleezza Rice is born

1959 – An article written by Massachusetts senator and presidential hopeful John F. Kennedy appears in an issue of TV Guide, where he discusses the influence of television on American politics

1960 – New Orleans integrates two all-white schools

1960 – President Dwight Eisenhower orders US naval units into the Caribbean after Guatemala and Nicaragua accuse Castro with starting uprisings

1961 – President Kennedy increases the number of American advisors in Vietnam from 1,000 to 16,000

1963 – A volcano pushes its way up out of the sea five miles off the southern coast of Iceland, creating a new island

1963 – Greece frees hundreds who were jailed in the Communist uprising of 1944 – 1950

1965 – The US First Cavalry Division battles with the North Vietnamese Army in the la Drang Valley, becoming the first ground combat for American troops in the Vietnam War

1967 – During the Vietnam War, Major General Bruno Hochmuth, commander of the 3rd Marine Division, is killed when the helicopter in which he is traveling is shot down. He was the most senior U.S. officer to be killed in action in the war to date

1968 – Yale University announces its plan to become co-ed

1969 – The US launches Apollo 12, the second mission the Moon, from Cape Kennedy

1970 – A chartered jet carrying 37 Marshall University football players, the team’s coach, doctors, the university athletic director and 25 team boosters who were some of the most prominent citizens in Huntington, West Virginia, clips a strand of trees and crashes into a hillside just two miles from the Tri-State Airport in Kenova, West Virginia, devastating the town

1971 – Australian cricket player Adam Gilchrist is born

1972 – President Richard Nixon extends to South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu his “absolute assurance” that the United States will “take swift and severe retaliatory action” if Hanoi violates the pending cease-fire once established

1979 – US President Jimmy Carter freezes all Iranian assets in the US in response to Iranian militants holding more than 50 American hostages

1982 – Lech Walesa, leader of Poland’s outlawed Solidarity movement is released by communist leaders after 11 months detention and will go on to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 and be elected Poland’s president in 1990

1984 – The Space Shuttle Discovery’s crew rescues a second satellite

1986 – Wall Street arbitrageur Ivan Boesky pleads guilty to insider trading and agrees to pay a $100 million fine and cooperate with the Securities and Exchange Commission’s investigation

1988 – American general officer Haywood Hansell dies

1990 – Poland and the Federal Republic of Germany sign a treaty officially making the Oder-Neisse line the border between their countries

1995 – Budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the US Congress forces a temporary closure of national parks and museums and forces federal agencies to operate with a skeleton crew

2001 – Northern Alliance fighters take control of Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul

2006 – State officials close the last two of Texas’ famed Pig Stand restaurants, the only remaining pieces of the nation’s first drive-in restaurant empire, due to broke owners who owed the comptroller over $200,000 in unpaid taxes

2008 – The First G-20 economic summit convenes in Washington, DC

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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