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This Day in History - March 26

March 26

1027 – John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty

1517 – Flemish composer Heinrich Issac dies

1776 – The Provincial Congress of South Carolina approves a new constitution

1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa, Palestine

1804 – Congress orders the removal of Indians east of the Mississippi River to Louisiana

1804 – The territory of New Orleans is organized in the Louisiana Purchase

1804 – President Thomas Jefferson attends a gathering at the Senate and leads a crowd in consuming an enormous loaf of bread called the “mammoth loaf,” and a giant block of cheese. The cheese, a gift from a Baptist group of women from Massachusetts, was said to represent Jefferson’s claim that North America’s superior natural resources would one day enable the US to beat Europe in agricultural production

1812 – An earthquake destroys nearly all of Caracas, Venezuela, killing around 20,000

1819 – German author Louise Otto is born

1827 – German composer Ludwig Van Beethoven dies

1832 – Western artist George Catlin begins a voyage up the Missouri River aboard the steamship Yellowstone

1850 – Writer Edward Bellamy is born

1859 – Poet AE Houseman is born

1864 – General James B McPherson takes over as commander of the Union Army of the Tennessee

1871 – Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government

1872 – An earthquake hits Owens Valley in California, killing 30

1874 – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Frost

1880 – US restaurant guide author Duncan Hines is born

 1885 – Eastman Film Co. manufactures the first commercial motion picture film

1892 – Author and poet Walt Whitman dies

1902 – Businessman and politician Cecil Rhodes dies

1904 – Folklorist and writer Joseph Campbell is born

1909 – A Russian military force invades northern Persia in support of Mohammed Ali Shah’s coup d’etat against the constitutional government

1911 – American dramatist Tennessee Williams is born

1913 – The Balkan allies take Adrianople

1914 – US Army General William Westmoreland is born

1917 – The first of three battles fought by the Allies to defeat Turkish forces around Gaza takes place

1918 – On the Western Front, the Germans take the French towns of Lihons, Noyon, and Roye

1920 – F. Scott Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise is published

1923 – Radio comedian Bob Elliot is born

1925 – Conductor, composer, and pianist, Pierre Boulez is born

1930 – Beat poet Gregory Corso is born

1930 – US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor is born

1933 – Writer and activist Vine Deloria is born

1938 – Hermann Goering warns all Jews to leave Austria

1940 – 60th Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi is born

1941 – Biologist Richard Dawkins is born

1941 – Italy attacks the British fleet at Suda Bay, Crete, using detachable warheads known as the “Chariot” to sink a cruiser, marking the first time manned torpedoes had been used in naval warfare

1942 – The Germans begin sending Jews to Auschwitz in Poland

1942 – Novelist and poet Erica Jong is born

1944 – Actress and singer Diana Ross is born

1945 – The Battle of Iwo Jima ends, leaving 18,000 Japanese and 6,000 Americans dead

1950 – Senator Joe McCarthy named Owen Lattimore as a Soviet spy

1951 – The US Air Force flag design is approved

1953 – President Eisenhower offers increased aid to the French in Indochina

1953 – Dr. Jonas Salk announces a new vaccine for polio

1954 – The US sets off an H-bomb blast in the Marshall Islands

1961 – President John Kennedy meets with the British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in Washington to discuss the increased Communist involvement in Laos

1969 – A group called Women Strike for Peace demonstrate in Washington, DC in the first large antiwar strike since President Nixon’s inauguration

1969 – The Soviet weather Satellite Meteor 1 is launched

1969 – Writer John Kennedy Toole commits suicide, and his mother goes on to get his novel, A Confederacy of Dunces, published, which goes on to win the Pulitzer Prize

1971 – East Pakistan proclaims independence and takes the name Bangladesh

1973 – Actor, playwright, and composer, Noel Coward dies

1975 – The city of Hue is taken by the North Vietnamese

1975 – The Biological Weapons Convention comes into effect, banning the development, production and stockpiling of biological and toxin weapons

1979 – The Camp David treaty is signed between Israel and Egypt

1979 – The Michigan State Spartans beat Indiana State Sycamores in the NCAA men’s basketball championship, 75-64

1982 – Ground is broken in Washington, DC for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial

1984 – 1st President of Guinea, Ahmed Sekou Toure dies

1987 – Police raid Gary Heidnik’s Philadelphia home to discover a torture chamber where three naked women were found chained to a sewer pipe. A fourth woman, Josefina Rivera, had escaped and called the police. Heidnik, a sex offender, and mental patient, had also become a wealthy stock investor, wallpapering one of the rooms of his home partially in money. He made himself bishop of his own church, to get out of paying taxes, and owned a Rolls Royce. He kidnapped women, tortured and raped them, and killed some. He electrocuted one, allowed one to starve to death and dismembered another, cooking her body parts and forcing the other captives to eat her. He was convicted and sentenced to death and was executed in 1999

1989 – The first free elections take place in the Soviet Union, electing Boris Yeltsin

1991 – Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay establish Mercosur, the Southern Common Market

1992 – An Indianapolis court finds heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson guilty of rape

1995 – The Schengen Agreement goes into effect, ending regular border checks within the Schengen Area, which encompasses most of Europe

1997 – Based on an anonymous tip, police raid a Rancho Santa Fe mansion in an exclusive suburb of San Diego, to find 39 victims dead from a mass suicide. The religious cult was led by Marshall Applewhite, who had originally been recruited in by one of his nurses after a near-death experience, Bonnie Lu Nettles. The two convinced people to abandon their regular lives to join the cult, whose beliefs hindered around the idea that after death, the members would join a spacecraft hidden behind the Hale-Bopp comet, that would take them to Heaven. As part of its 4,000-year orbit of the sun, when the Hale-Bopp comet passed near Earth, Applewhite and the other cult members drank a mixture of phenobarbital and vodka in anticipation of the spacecraft taking them to Heaven

2000 – Vladimir Putin is elected president of Russia

2008 – The Ford Motor Company sells its Jaguar and Land Rover divisions to the Tata Group in India


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the owner of Madison's Media, Madison's CPC and the Chief Administrative Officer for Lanterns. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and has two adult children. Writers seeking additional exposure: Ask how you can contribute!


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