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This Day in History - January 1

January 1

45 B.C. – New Year’s Day is celebrated for the first time in history when the Julian calendar takes effect

630 – The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that will capture it

1500 – Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral reaches the coast of Brazil and claims it for Portugal

1586 – Sir Francis Drake attacks the heavily fortified city of Santo Domingo in Hispaniola

1698 – In an attempt to end hostilities, Massachusetts’ colonists, and Abenaki Indians sign a treaty

1735 – US patriot Paul Revere is born

1752 – Flag maker Betsy Ross is born

1758 – The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the “starting point” for standardized species names throughout the animal kingdom

1766 – The son of James II, James Stuart, aka the Old Pretender, dies

1781 – 1,500 soldiers, all 11 regiments under the command of General Anthony Wayne, from the Pennsylvania Line, insist that their three-year enlistments have expired and in a drunken fit, kill three officers and abandon the Continental Army’s winter camp at Morristown, New Jersey

1782 – German composer Johann Christian Bach dies

1788 – The Times, London’s oldest running newspaper, publishes its first edition

1803 – Jean Jacques Dessalines proclaims the independence of Saint-Domingue and renaming it Haiti, after defeating colonial forces under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte

1808 – A US law banning importing of slaves goes into effect, but is mostly ignored

1824 – The Camp Street Theatre opens as the first English-language Playhouse in New Orleans

1830 – William Lloyd Garrison publishes the first edition of a journal, The Liberator, calling for immediate and full emancipation of slaves in the US

1863 – French educator, historian and the founder of the International Olympic Committee, Pierre de Coubertin is born

1863 – President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in the Confederacy, is signed going into full effect based on the stipulation added in the preliminary proclamation issued on September 22, 1862

1863 – Farmer Daniel Freeman becomes the first person to file claim under the new Homestead Act for a property near Beatrice, Nebraska

1864 – American photographer Alfred Stieglitz is born

1876 – The first modern New Year’s Day Mummers’ Parade is held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in honor of the American centennial

1879 – English novelist E.M. Forster is born

1894 – German physicist Heinrich Hertz dies

1895 – Founding director of the FBI, J. Edgar Hoover is born

1896 – German physicist Wilhelm Rontgen announces the discovery of x-rays

1907 – The Pure Food and Drug Act becomes law in the US

1912 – The Republic of China is founded

1914 – The world’s first airline, St. Petersburg Tampa Airboat Line, begins operation

1915 – The German submarine U-24 sinks the British battleship Formidable in the English Channel

1915 – A sneak preview of D.W. Griffith’s The Clansman, later renamed The Birth of a Nation, is held in the Loring Opera House in Riverside, California

1918 – The first gasoline pipeline begins operation, running along Salt Creek to Casper, Wyoming

1919 – US novelist J.D. Salinger is born

1919 – Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

1923 – Sadi Lecointe sets a new aviation speed record flying an average of 208 mph

1937 – At a party at the Hormel Mansion in Minnesota, a guest wins $100 for naming a new canned meat, “Spam.”

1942 – President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue a declaration, including signatures from representatives of 26 countries, called the United Nations, to act as an international peacekeeping organization

1945 – In Operation Bodenplatte and the last major offensive of the Luftwaffe, German planes attack US airbases in Europe

1946 – 20 Japanese soldiers who had been living in an underground tunnel on the island of Corregidor, surrendered to a single American soldier. The men had been in hiding and just realized the war was over when venturing out for water and coming across a newspaper

1953 – American singer, songwriter and guitarist Hank Williams dies

1958 – Johnny Cash plays his first-ever prison concert at San Quentin maximum-security prison outside of San Francisco, California and inspires fellow inmate Merle Haggard, who will go on to make a career for himself in country music that will include 38 #1 hits

1958 – The European Economic Community is founded

1958 – American photographer Edward Weston dies

1959 – Fidel Castro seizes power in Cuba, and General Fulgencio Batista flees

1966 – The first men of the 1st Regiment of the Marine 1st Division arrive in Vietnam

1967 – Border surveillance operations in Pleiku and Kontum Provinces in the Central Highlands begins as Operation Sam Houston

1973 – The murder of Roseann Quinn, which inspired the movie Looking For Mr. Goodbar, takes place. John Wayne Wilson, a disturbed homosexual man, dealing with sexual identity and orientation with violent feelings towards women, meets Quinn at Tweed’s Bar in Upper West Side, New York, and beats, stabs and sexually assaults Quinn before killing her. Wilson hangs himself before his trial in May of 1973

1975 – H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and John Mitchell are convicted of obstruction of justice for their involvement in the Watergate scandal

1978 – Air India Boeing 747 jet crashes into the sea right after takeoff from Bombay, killing all 213 on board

1986 – Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi threatens to retaliate if the US attacks

1992 – The formation of the Russian Federation occurs after the dissolving of the Soviet Union. The government will go on to make additional changes in 1993

1993 – Czechoslovakia is dissolved and becomes the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic

1994 – The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect

1997 – American singer, songwriter and guitarist Townes Van Zandt dies

2002 – Euro coins and notes go into circulation in eleven European nations

 

 

 

 

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the owner of Madison's Media, Madison's CPC and the Chief Administrative Officer for Lanterns. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and has two adult children. Writers seeking additional exposure: Ask how you can contribute!


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