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This Day in History - January 21

January 21

 

1189 – Philip Augustus, Henry II of England and Frederick Barbarossa prepare the troops for the Third Crusade

1525 – A thousand-year tradition of church-state union is broken, and the Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when over a dozen people baptize each other in the family home of Felix Manz in Zurich

1648 – In Maryland, the first woman lawyer in the colonies, Margaret Brent, is denied a vote in the Maryland Assembly

1683 – England’s First Earl of Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, dies

1738 – American Revolutionary Commander Ethan Allen is born

1785 – A group of Indians-Chippewa, Delaware, Wyandot and Ottawa, sign the Treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the US

1790 – Joseph Guillotine proposes a new method of execution: a machine designed to cut off a person’s head as painlessly as possible

1793 –French King Louis XVI is executed at the guillotine for treason

1824 – Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson is born

1855 – John Moses Browning, the “father of modern firearms,” is born

1863 – The First Battle of Sabine Pass takes place, where the Confederates chase Yankee ships into open water until they surrender

1867 – French General Maxime Weygand is born

1899 – Opel builds its first car

1905 – French fashion designer Christian Dior is born

1910 – Japan rejects the American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway

1915 – The first Kiwanis Club is founded in Detroit

1919 – The German Krupp plant begins producing guns under the US armistice terms

1921 – JD Rockefeller pledges $1 million for the relief of Europe’s poorest

1924 – The first leader of the Soviet Union, Vladimir Lenin, dies

1925 – British comedian Benny Hill is born

1930 – An intentional arms control meeting opens in London

1933 – The League of Nations rejects Japanese terms for settlement with China

1938 – French director Georges Melies dies

1940 – American golfer Jack Nicklaus is born

1941 – The US lifts the ban on selling arms to the Soviet Union

1941 – Spanish tenor and conductor Placido Domingo is born

1942 – German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launches a drive to push the British eastward in North Africa

1943 – 34 are killed at a London school by a Nazi daylight air raid

1950 – Former State Department official Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury for his testimony regarding his alleged involvement in a Soviet spy ring during World War II, a claim he denied until his death

1950 – English author George Orwell dies

1951 – Communist troops force the UN army out of Inchon, Korea

1954 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus, is launched

1957 – Patsy Cline first gains national attention with her appearance on Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts

1958 – The Soviet Union calls for a ban on nuclear arms in Baghdad Pact countries

1959 – Actor Carl Dean Switzer, “Alfalfa” in Our Gang, is shot by Moses “Bud” Stiltz in a fight allegedly over a debt owed to Switzer.  A jury ruled the incident as justifiable homicide

1963 – American and Nigerian basketball player Hakeem Olajuwon is born

1964 – Carl Rowan is named the director of the US Information Agency

1968 – The Siege of Khe Sanh begins as North Vietnamese units surround US Marines on hilltop headquarters, in Vietnam

1974 – The US Supreme Court decides that pregnant teachers can no longer be forced to take long leaves of absence

1976 – Henry Kissinger meets with Leonid Brezhnev to discuss the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

1976 – The first Concordes with commercial passengers takes off from London’s Heathrow Airport

1977 – President Carter urges Americans to preserve heat by keeping homes at a maximum of 65 degrees, to ease the energy crisis

1977 – President Carter grants pardon to hundreds of thousands of men who had evaded the draft during the Vietnam War

1990 – John McEnroe becomes the first player since 1963 to be disqualified from a Grand Slam tournament for misconduct, when he was given code violations for swearing, glaring at a lineswoman after a call and racket abuse 

1993 – Congressman Mike Espy of Mississippi is confirmed as Secretary of the Department of Agriculture

1996 – 340 people are killed when an overloaded ferry sinks during a storm off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia

1997 – American and Dutch talent manager Colonel Tom Parker dies

1998 – Pope John Paul II visits Cuba

2003 – The US Census Bureau reported that Hispanics have passed Blacks as the largest minority group

2008 – World stocks plummet as the FTSE 100 has its biggest ever one-day points fall, Asian stocks drop as much as 15%, and European stocks closed with their worst day since September 11

2009 – Toyota surpasses General Motors as the world’s biggest carmaker

2010 – The US Supreme Court rules that the government cannot restrict the spending of corporations for political campaigns, in the Citizens United v Federal Election Commission


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the owner of Madison's Media, Madison's CPC and the Chief Administrative Officer for Lanterns. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and has two adult children. Writers seeking additional exposure: Ask how you can contribute!


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