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This Day in History - April 11

April 11

1370 – Elector of Saxony, Frederick I, is born

1512 – The forces of the Holy League are defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna

1713 – The Treaty of Utrecht is signed ending the War of Spanish Succession.  France cedes Maritime Provinces to Britain

1721 – Moravian missionary David Zeisberger is born

1722 – English poet Christopher Smart is born

1755 – English physician James Parkinson is born

1770 – British Prime Minister George Canning is born

1783 – Congress proclaims the formal end to hostilities with Great Britain

1794 – Statesman and orator, governor of Massachusetts, Edward Everett is born

1803 – French Foreign Minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand makes an offer to sell all of Louisiana Territory to the US

1814 – Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba

1862 – Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes is born

1862 – The Confederates surrender Fort Pulaski, guarding the mouth of the Savannah River in Georgia, to the Union

1868 – The Shogunate is abolished in Japan

1870 – Lord Muncaster of Britain is kidnapped by pirates while visiting Marathon, Greece.  Greek troops then skirmish with the pirates, led by Takos Arvanitakis, resulting in the deaths of nearly everyone involved, except for Arvanitakis

1888 – Future auto pioneer Henry Ford marries Clara Jane Bryant in Michigan

1893 – US Secretary of State who helped create NATO, Dean G. Acheson is born

1898 – American President William McKinley asks Congress for declaration of war with Spain

1901 – Writer Glenway Wescott is born

1913 – Fashion designer Oleg Cassini is born

1919 – The International Labor Organization is founded as an independent but affiliated agency of the League of Nations

1921 – Iowa imposes the first state cigarette tax

1925 – Senator Robert F. Kennedy’s wife, Ethel Kennedy, is born

1931 – Witty Dorothy Parker resigns her job as a drama critic for The New Yorker

1932 – Actor Joel Grey is born

1941 – Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Ellen Goodman is born

1941 – German bombers blitz Coventry, England

1942 – Detachment 101 of the OSS, a guerilla force, is activated in Burma

1945 – The Red Army takes Seelow Heights, outside of Berlin

1945 – The US Third Army liberates the Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar, Germany

1950 – Actor and choreographer Bill Irwin is born

1951 – President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as head of UN forces in Korea

1960 – Journalist Jeremy Clarkson is born

1961 – Israel begins the trial of Adolf Eichman, accused of war crimes during WWII

1961 – Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker

1963 – Hawaiian-based 25th Infantry Division troops are ordered to South Vietnam

1968 – President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act

1968 – Rescue workers pick up the last survivors of the Wahine ferry accident.  The ferry had capsized after hitting sharp rocks off the coast of New Zealand the day prior.  51 died in the accident

1970 – The third lunar landing mission, Apollo 13, is successfully launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, heading to the Fra Mauro highlands of the moon.  An oxygen tank explodes on April 13, and getting the craft home safely became the only mission

1974 – The Judiciary Committee subpoenas President Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry

1977 – President Carter hosts White House Easter egg roll for local children

1979 – Ugandan dictator Idi Amin flees the capital of Kampala as Tanzanian troops and Uganda National Liberation front forces move in

1981 – President Ronald Reagan returns home to the White House after recovering from an assassination attempt

1983 – Mexican actress Dolores del Rio dies

1985 – Prime Minister of Albania, Enver Hoxha dies

1986 – Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days

1987 – Actress, singer and songwriter Joss Stone is born

1987 – Italian author and chemist Primo Levi dies

1991 – The UN Security Council issues a formal ceasefire with Iraq

1996 – 43 African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty

2004 – After nearly 12 years as a professional golfer with no major win, Phil Mickelson wins the Masters Golf Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club

2006 – President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has enriched uranium

2006 – Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano is arrested near Corleone, Sicily

2007 – Science-fiction writer Kurt Vonnegut dies

2013 – Ballerina Maria Tallchief dies

2015 – President Barack Obama and Raul Castro meet in Panama-the first meeting of US and Cuban heads of state since the Cuban Revolution


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the owner of Madison's Media, Madison's CPC and the Chief Administrative Officer for Lanterns. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and has two adult children. Writers seeking additional exposure: Ask how you can contribute!


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