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This Day in History - January 22

January 22

1440 – Grand Prince of Russia, Ivan III (the Great), is born

1506 – The first 150 soldiers of the Swiss Guard arrive at the Vatican

1561 – English philosopher, statesman, and essayist Sir Francis Bacon is born

1689 – English Parliament invites William of Orange and Mary, daughter of exiled King James II, to become joint sovereigns

1729 – German author and philosopher Gotthold Ephraim Lessing is born

1779 – Claudius Smith, “Cowboy of the Ramapos,” is hanged in Goshen, New York for his guerilla attacks against Patriot civilians on the Orange Turnpike between Canada and New York

1788 – English romantic poet, Lord George Byron is born

1807 – President Thomas Jefferson exposes Aaron Burr’s plot to form a new republic in the Southwest

1813 – British forces defeat a US contingent planning an attack on Fort Detroit during the War of 1812

1824 – The first defeat for a colonial power takes place when the British are wiped out by an Asante army under Osei Bonsu on the African Gold Coast

1840 – Edward G. Wakefield and his British colonists are the first to arrive at New Zealand

1874 – US film director D.W. Griffith is born

1879 – Eighty-two British soldiers hold off attacks by 4,000 Zulu warriors at the Battle of Rorke’s Drift in South Africa

1879 – American soldiers beat Cheyenne Indian Chief Dull Knife and his people as they fight for freedom

1890 – Thirteenth Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court Fred Vinson is born

1900 – Welsh and American scientist who co-invented the microphone, David Edward Hughes, dies

1901 –The longest ruling queen monarch, British Queen Victoria dies

1905 – Russian troops fire on civilians beginning Bloody Sunday, the first Russian revolution, in St. Petersburg

1906 – Pioneer aviator Willa Brown is born

1906 – American author Robert E. Howard is born

1909 – Third United Nations Secretary General, Burmese diplomat U Thant, is born

1912 – The Second Monte Carlo auto race begins

1913 – Turkey gives up control of Adrianople to meet the terms of the Balkan Peace Treaty

1927 – Confederate General John A. McCausland dies

1930 – Admiral Richard Byrd charts a vast portion of Antarctica

1932 – Government troops crush a Communist uprising in Northern Spain

1938 – Thornton Wilder’s play Our Town is first performed in Princeton, NJ

1939 – A Nazi order erases the old officer caste, tying the army directly to the Party

1941 – British and Commonwealth forces take tens of thousands of Italian occupiers prisoner at Tobruk, in Libya during World War II

1943 – Axis forces pull out of Tripoli for Tunisia, destroying bases as they leave

1943 – The fastest temperature change ever recorded takes place in Spearfish, South Dakota when the temperature of -4 degrees F changes to 45 degrees F in a two-minute span

1944 – US troops under Major General John P. Lucas make an amphibious landing behind German lines at Anzio, Italy

1953 – American director Jim Jarmusch is born

1963 – The Elysee Treaty formalizes a reconciliation between Germany and France, ending centuries of conflict

1964 – The US Joint Chiefs of Staff tell Defense Secretary Robert McNamara that they are in favor of “covert actions against North Vietnam”

1968 – The 1st Cavalry Division launches two operations, Operations Jeb Stuart and Pershing II, in Quang Tri and Thua Thien provinces

1970 – The Boeing 747 takes off from New York to London on its first scheduled flight

1971 – Phnom Penh, Cambodia is shelled for the first time by Communist forces

1973 – The Supreme Court decriminalizes abortion when they hand down their decision in the case of Roe v. Wade

1973 – A plane crashes in Kano, Nigeria, killing 176 people in the deadliest air disaster at its time.  The passengers were Muslim pilgrims returning from Mecca

1973 – Former President Lyndon Baines Johnson dies

1973 – Boxer George Foreman defeats reigning champion Joe Frazier to win the heavyweight championship of the world

1979 – The alleged mastermind of the 1972 Munich raid, Abu Hassan, is killed by a bomb in Beirut

1980 – Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov, the Soviet physicist who helped build USSR’s first hydrogen bomb, is arrested in Moscow for his criticism of the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan

1981 – A portrait of John Lennon and Yoko Ono is immortalized on the cover of Rolling Stone, having been taken just twelve hours before Lennon’s assassination

1982 – President Ronald Regan formally links progress in arms control to Soviet repression in Poland

1997 – The US Senate confirms Madeleine Albright as the first female Secretary of State

1998 – Theodore J. Kaczynski takes responsibility for his 17-year campaign of package bombings that killed three and injured more than 20 others, attributed to the “Unabomber,” when he pleads guilty to all federal charges against him.  Kaczynski was turned in to authorities by his brother after the Washington Post had published a manifesto the Unabomber had sent to them, and his brother recognized the writing style.  He was diagnosed as a paranoid schizophrenic, and was sentenced to life in prison rather than to death

2006 – Eco Morales becomes Bolivia’s first indigenous president

2008 – Actor Heath Ledger dies of an accidental prescription drug overdose

2010 – Comedian Conan O’Brien hosts his final episode of “The Tonight Show”

2010 – The 24th Sultan of Johor, Iskandar of Johor, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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