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This Day in History - April 7

April 7

30 – Many scholars estimate this day to be the day for Jesus’ crucifixion by Roman troops in Jerusalem

529 – The first draft of Corpus Juris Civilis, a fundamental work in jurisprudence, is issued by Justinian I, Roman Emperor

1614 – Greek painter and sculptor El Greco dies

1652 – The Dutch establish a settlement at Cape Town, South Africa

1712 – A slave revolt takes place in New York City

1724 – Johann Sebastian Bach’s St. John Passion premiers in Leipzig

1770 – English poet laureate William Wordsworth is born

1776 – The US Navy captures the first British warship off the coast of Virginia

1782 – Thai king Taksin dies

1798 – The territory of Mississippi is organized

1804 – Haitian general Toussaint Louverture dies

1805 – Lewis and Clark depart for Fort Mandan along the Missouri River

1827 – English chemist John Walker produces and sells the first operable friction match

1837 – US industrialist John Pierpont Morgan is born

1859 – Father of American football, Walter Camp, is born

1860 – Businessman and founder of Kelloggs, W.K. Kellogg, is born

1862 – General Ulysses Grant defeats the Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee

1873 – One of the most-winning managers in MLB history, John McGraw, is born

1891 – Businessman and founder of Ringling Bros., Barnum & Bailey Circus, PT Barnum, dies

1897 – American newscaster and columnist Walter Winchell is born

1913 – 5,000 women vote march to the capitol in Washington, DC, seeking the right to vote

1914 – The British House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill

1915 – Jazz and blues singer Billie Holiday is born

1918 – Winston Churchill secretly proposes to the British War Cabinet a method by which Britain’s former ally, Russia, could reenter World War I, just one month after Russian signed a treaty ending its participation in the war

1920 – Indian classically trained sitar virtuoso who inspired many American artists, Ravi Shankar, is born

1922 – The US Secretary of Interior leases the Teapot Dome naval oil reserves in Wyoming

1931 – Writer Donald Barthelme is born

1931 – Anti-war activist who released the Pentagon Papers, Daniel Ellsberg is born

1933 – President Franklin Roosevelt signs legislation to end prohibition

1939 – Benito Mussolini’s Italian troops invade and occupy Albania

1939 – Director, producer and screenwriter Francis Ford Coppola is born

1943 – British and American armies form a line against the German army between Wadi Akarit and El Guettar in North Africa

1943 – LSD is first produced at Sandoz Laboratorie in Basil, Switzerland, by Albert Hoffman

1945 – The Japanese battleship Yamato, the world’s largest battleship, is sunk during the Battle for Okinawa

1947 – Auto pioneer Henry Ford dies

1948 – The UN agency, World Health Organization, is founded

1949 – Rodgers’ and Hammerstein’s Pulitzer Prize winning, South Pacific, opens on Broadway

1953 – Dag Hammarskjold is elected secretary general of the United Nations

1954 – Martial artist, director, producer, screenwriter and actor Jackie Chan is born

1954 – President Dwight Eisenhower gives his famous “domino theory” speech, coining one of the most famous Cold War phrases, in reference to the fall of French Indochina to the communists

1961 – President John F. Kennedy sends a letter to Congress asking for US participation in an international campaign to preserve ancient temples and historic monuments in the Nile Valley of Egypt, that were threatened by the construction of the Aswan High Dam

1963 – Yugoslavia proclaims it is a Socialist Republic and Tito is made president for life

1964 – Actor, singer, and producer Russell Crowe is born

1969 – The Advanced Research Projects Agency is awarded a contract to build the precursor of today’s world wide web to BBN Technologies and is considered the symbolic birth date of the Internet

1970 – Actor John Wayne wins his first and only Academy Award for his role in True Grit, directed by Henry Hathaway

1971 – President Nixon pledges a withdrawal of 100,000 more men from Vietnam by December

1975 – North Vietnamese forces prepare to launch the “Ho Chi Minh Campaign”

1980 – The US breaks relations with Iran

1983 – Specialist Story Musgrave and Don Peterson make the first space shuttle spacewalk

1990 – John Poindexter is found guilty for his participation in the Iran-Contra scandal

1990 – Two tragic ferry incidents occur in two different areas of the world.  The first  took place in Myanmar aka Burma, and later in the day, in Scandinavia.  325 lost their lives in the combined incidents

1994 – Rwandan armed forces kill 10 Belgian peacekeeping officers to stop international intervention in the genocide that had begun hours before.  In three months, the Hutu extremists controlling Rwanda, murdered an estimated 500,000 to 1 million innocent civilian Tutsis and moderate Hutus

1999 – The World Trade Organization rules in favor of the US in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas

2003 – Creator of Babar the elephant, Cecile de Brunhoff, dies

2009 – Vermont becomes the fourth US state to legalize same-sex marriage

2012 – Broadcast journalist from “60 Minutes,” Mike Wallace, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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