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This Day in History - December 14

December 14

557 – The capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, is damaged by a 6.4 magnitude earthquake

644 – Companion of Muhammad, Uthman ibn Affan, is appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam

835 – The Sweet Dew Incident takes place, in which Chinese Emperor Wenzong conspires with chancellor Li Xun and general Zheng Zhu to kill all of the eunuchs, but their plan is foiled

867 – Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

872 – John VIII is elected as Catholic Pope

1124 – Theobald Buccapecus is elected Pope Coelestinus II, but he turns the position down

1287 – The Zuiderzee seawall collapses during the St. Lucia’s Flood in Northwest Netherlands, killing over 50,000 and becoming the fifth largest recorded flood in history

1503 – French astrologer and physician Nostradamus, is born

1542 – Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at just six days old

1546 – Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe is born

1585 – Henry IV, the first Bourbon King of France is born

1640 – Playwright and novelist who is known as the first Englishwoman to make a living as a writer, Aphra Behn is baptized at Harbledown, near Canterbury England

1777 – The Continental Congress names Thomas Conway to inspector general of the US

1795 – Civil engineer John Bloomfield Jarvis is born

1799 – First President of the US, George Washington dies

1819 – Alabama becomes the 22nd state

1822 – English patron of music John Christie is born

1861 – Prince Albert of England dies

1863 – Confederate General James Longstreet attacks Union troops at Bean’s Station, Tennessee

1863 – President Abraham Lincoln pardons his wife Mary’s half-sister and the widow of a Confederate general, Emilie Todd Helm-the first under his Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction

1866 – English art critic Roger Fry is born

1874 – Holmes Van Brunt heard burglars breaking into his brother’s home next door and engaged the men in a shotgun battle that severely wounded them.  On his deathbed, one of the robbers confessed to the kidnapping of Charley Ross, the years’ biggest story, and promised the child would be returned alive.  Charley was taken from the lawn of his home on July 1, and the kidnappers had asked for $20,000 in ransom.  Ross’ father agreed to pay the ransom but nobody ever showed up to collect the money. Charley was never found, despite the dying robber’s promise

1900 – Max Planck presents the quantum theory at the Physics Society in Berlin

1906 – The first U1 submarine is brought into service in Germany

1908 – The first true representative Turkish Parliament opens

1909 – The Labor Conference in Pittsburgh ends with a “declaration of war” on US Steel

1911 – Roald Amundsen is among five who discover the South Pole

1916 – Novelist and short story writer Shirley Jackson is born

1917 – Choreographer June Taylor is born

1918 – TV and film executive James Thomas Aubrey Jr. is born

1918 – Frederick renounces the Finnish throne

1920 – The League of Nations establishes a credit system to aid Europe

1922 – TV producer and creator of 60 Minutes, Don Hewitt is born

1922 – Medal of Honor recipient Junior J. Spurrier is born

1925 – Pro baseball player Sam Jones is born

1932 – Country singer and musician Charlie Rich is born

1935 – Actress Lee Remick is born

1939 – First black American to win Heisman Trophy Ernie Davis is born

1939 – The League of Nations removes the Soviet Union from membership

1941 – German Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel orders defensive positions along the European coastline

1943 – Journalist, author, publisher Emmett Tyrell is born

1943 – American surgeon who co-created Corn Flakes, John Harvey Kellogg dies

1946 – Academy Award-winning actress, singer Patty Duke is born

1946 – American tennis champion Stan Smith is born

1946 – The UN adopts a disarmament resolution prohibiting the A-Bomb

1947 – Brazilian politician and economist and 36th President of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff is born

1947 – English politician Stanley Baldwin dies

1949 – Bulgarian ex-Premier Traicho Kostov is sentenced to die for treason in Sofia

1955 – Singer, songwriter and musician Spider Stacy is born

1960 – A US Boeing B-52 bomber sets a 10,000-mile non-stop record without refueling

1961 – President John F. Kennedy formally announces that the US will increase aid to South Vietnam

1961 – Tanzania joins the UN

1964 – Operation Barrel Roll, the first phase of the bombing plan to attack “targets of opportunity” approved by President Lyndon B. Johnson, takes place in northern Laos

1966 – Pro basketball player Anthony Mason is born

1966 – Italian racecar driver Fabrizio Giovanardi is born

1967 – Record snow continues to fall in New Mexico in a blizzard that will kill 51 people

1967 – DNA is synthesized for the first time

1972 – Comedian, actress Miranda Hart is born

1977 – Saturday Night Fever premiers at Mann’s Chinese Theater in Los Angeles

1980 – The CIA issues a report claiming that the Soviet Union delivered nearly $7 billion worth of military assistance to Third World nations in 1979 and made over $8 billion in arms sales, which they warned, increased the chances for military conflict

1980 – NATO warns the Soviets to stay out of the internal affairs of Poland, saying that intervention would effectively destroy the détente between the East and West

1981 – Israel’s Knesset passes the Golan Heights Law, which extends Israeli law to the Golan Heights area

1985 – Wilma Mankiller becomes the first woman to lead a major American Indian tribe, when she took office as the chief of the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma

1988 – American actress and singer Vanessa Hudgens is born

1989 – Nobel Peace Prize winner Andrei D. Sakharov dies

1994 – Construction begins on China’s Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River

1995 – The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris establishing framework for ending the Bosnian War between Bosnia and Herzegovina

1999 – Tens of thousands are killed by flash floods during torrential rains in Vargas, Venezuela

2003 – Pervez Musharraf, President of Pakistan, narrowly escapes an assassination attempt

2004 – The world’s tallest bridge, the Millau Viaduct, opens near Millau, France

2008 – Iraqi broadcast journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi throws his shoes at US President George W. Bush during a press conference in Baghdad

2012 – 20 first graders and six adults are killed at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut by a 20-year old, Adam Lanza, who had previously killed his mother and then committed suicide after shooting up the school.  The tragedy was the second-deadliest mass shooting in the US

2013 – Irish actor Peter O’Toole dies

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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