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This Day in History - January 18

January 18

 

532 – Between 30-40,000 die when the Nika uprising at Constantinople fails

 

1486 – Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York

 

1591 – King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat

 

1689 – French philosopher Montesquieu is born

 

1701 – Frederick III becomes King of Prussia

 

1733 – The first polar bear was exhibited in America, in Boston

 

1776 – The Council of Safety in Savannah, Georgia issues an arrest warrant for the colony’s royal governor, James Wright and he is arrested by a group of Patriots

 

1778 – Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands and after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich, names them the ‘Sandwich Islands’

 

1782 – New Hampshire Congressman from Massachusetts and Secretary of State before the Civil War, Daniel Webster, is born

 

1788 – The First Fleet, carrying sheep and 736 convicts, arrives in Australia’s Botany Bay to setup a penal colony

 

1803 – President Thomas Jefferson requests money from Congress to fund the journey of Lewis and Clark

 

1813 – Inventor Joseph Glidden is born

 

1817 – Jose de San Martin leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile

 

1836 – Jim Bowie arrives to assist the Texans at the Alamo

 

1858 – Physician who performed the first open heart surgery and founder of Chicago’s Provident Hospital, Daniel Hale Williams, is born

 

1862 – Former President John Tyler dies

 

1871 – Second German Empire is proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck

 

1882 – Novelist, humorist, and journalist A.A. (Alan Alexander) Milne is born

 

1886 – Modern day hockey is born with the foundation of The Hockey Association in England

 

1892 – Film comedian Oliver Hardy is born

 

1902 – The Isthmus Canal Commission chooses Panama over Nicaragua as a favored canal site

 

1904 – US film actor Cary Grant is born

 

1910 – Aviator Eugene Ely performs his first successful takeoff and landing from a ship in San Francisco

 

1912 – British explorer Robert Falcon Scott arrives at the South Pole only to find that Roald Amundsen had preceded him by a bit over a month

 

1913 – American actor Danny Kaye is born

 

1916 – The Russians drive the Turkish Third Army back to Erzurum

 

1919 – Post-World War I peace conference begins in Paris, France

 

1936 – Nobel Prize-winning English author and poet Rudyard Kipling dies

 

1942 – General MacArthur repels the Japanese in Bataan, as the US takes the lead in the Far East war criminals trials

 

1943 – The deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to the concentration camp at Treblinka is resumed on orders from Heinrich Himmler, and within the first seven weeks of the order, more than 250,000 Jews were gassed to death there and six hundred were killed in the streets fighting against the German SS unit sent to round them up

 

1943 – The Soviets announce they have broken the siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany

 

1945 – The German Army launches a second attempt to relieve Budapest from the advancing Red Army

 

1948 – Gandhi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslim-Hindu riots

 

1950 – The Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China formally recognize the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and agree to furnish military assistance

 

1952 – American actor and comedian Curly Howard dies

 

1955 – American actor, singer, director and producer Kevin Costner is born

 

1956 – First President of Estonia, Konstantin Pats, dies

 

1958 – Hockey player Willie O’Ree of the Boston Bruins takes the ice against the Montreal Canadiens, becoming the first black player to play in the NHL

 

1962 – The US begins spraying foliage with herbicides in South Vietnam in order to reveal Vietcong guerillas

 

1964 – Plans are disclosed for the World Trade Center in New York

 

1969 – Heavy rain begins in Southern California that results in a series of landslides and floods that kill nearly 100 and will become the worst weather-related disaster in California during the 20th century

 

1971 – Senator George S. McGovern begins his bid for the 1972 Democratic Presidential nomination, vowing to bring US soldiers home from Vietnam if elected.  While he won his party’s nomination, incumbent Richard Nixon defeated him

 

1978 – The CDC isolate the cause of Legionnaire’s disease

 

1985 – The US walked out in a World Court case concerning US paramilitary activities against the Nicaraguan government

 

1990 – Mayor Marion Barry of the District of Columbia is arrested and charged with drug possession and use of crack cocaine

 

1991 – Iraq starts firing Scud missiles at Israeli cities

 

1993 – All fifty states joined in the observance of the Martin Luther King, Jr. holiday

 

1997 – Norwegian polar explorer Borge Ousland becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided

 

2002 – The Sierra Leone Civil War ends

 

2009 – General Motors auctions off historic cars from its Heritage Collection

 

2011 – 21st US Ambassador to France, Sargent Shriver, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the owner of Madison's Media, Madison's CPC and the Chief Administrative Officer for Lanterns. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and has two adult children. Writers seeking additional exposure: Ask how you can contribute!


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