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This Day in History - March 14

March 14

1590 – During the French Wars of Religion and the Battle of Ivry, French King Henry IV defeats the Catholic League

1629 – A Royal charter is granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony

1681 – German composer Georg Philipp Telemann is born

1743 – First American town meeting is held in Boston

1757 – British Admiral John Byng is executed for neglect of duty aboard HMS Monarch by firing squad

1776 – Alexander Hamilton is named captain of a New York artillery company

1803 – German poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock dies

1804 – Violinist and composer Johann Strauss is born

1823 – English admiral, 1st Earl of St Vincent, John Jervis, dies

1833 – First woman dentist, Lucy Hobbs Taylor, is born

1854 – Nobel Prize-winning German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich is born

1854 – Romanian author and poet Alexandru Macedonski is born

1862 – Union General Ambrose Burnside captures North Carolina’s second largest city and closes a port to potential Confederate supplies, at the Battle of New Bern

1864 – Railroad engineer Casey Jones is born

1879 – Mathematician Albert Einstein is born

1883 – German philosopher Karl Marx dies

1887 – Publisher Sylvia Beach is born

1900 – US currency goes to the gold standard

1900 – Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel’s laws of genetics

1903 – The Senate ratifies the Hay-Herran Treaty guaranteeing the right to build the canal in Panama

1910 – The Lakeview Gusher causes the largest accidental oil spill in history where 9 million barrels of crude oil were released over an 18-month period

1912 – An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempts to kill Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome

1915 – The British Navy sinks the German battleship Dresden off the Chilean coast

1918 – The Congress of Soviets ratifies a peace treaty with the Central Powers

1919 – Novelist Max Brand publishes The Untamed, his first novel

1922 – Co-founder of what will become one of North America’s largest makers of heavy-duty trucks, John “Jack” Mack, dies

1923 – President Warren Harding becomes the first US President to file income tax

1933 – Author and actor Michael Caine is born

1934 – American astronaut Eugene Cernan is born

1936 – Adolf Hitler tells a crowd of 300,000 that Germany’s only judge is God and itself

1939 – The Nazis dissolve the Republic of Czechoslovakia

1942 – A dying patient’s life is saved by the use of penicillin for the first time

1943 – The Germans reoccupy Kharkov in the Soviet Union

1947 – The US signs a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines

1948 – Actor and comedian Billy Crystal is born

1950 – The FBI institutes the “Ten Most Wanted Fugitives” list

1951 – UN forces recapture Seoul for the second time during the Korean War

1954 – The Viet Minh launch an assault against the French Colonial Forces at Dien Bien Phu

1960 – West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion meet at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York for the first time

1964 – A Dallas jury finds Jack Ruby guilty of murder of assassin Lee Harvey Oswald and sentences him to death

1967 – John Kennedy’s body is moved from its temporary grave to a permanent one in Arlington Cemetery

1978 – An Israeli force of 22,000 invades South Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases

1979 – At least 200 are killed when a plane crashes into a factory in China

1980 – A Polish Airlines flight crashes in Warsaw, killing all 87 on board including 22 members of the US boxing team

1980 – 1st Vice President of Indonesia, Mohammad Hatta, dies

1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev becomes President of the Soviet Union

1991 – The “Birmingham Six,” imprisoned for 16 years for allegedly participating in an IRA bombing of a pub, are set free after a court agrees that police fabricated evidence

2013 – Xi Jinping is named the new President of the People’s Republic of China

2014 – English politician Tony Benn dies

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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